Spacecraft propulsion is any method used to accelerate spacecraft and artificial satellites.Space propulsion or in-space propulsion exclusively deals with propulsion systems used in the vacuum of space and should not be confused with launch vehicles.Several methods, both pragmatic and hypothetical, have been developed each having its own drawbacks and advantages. Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is the third generation launch vehicle of India. It is classified into two types: Expendable launch vehicle (ELV) eg: Ariane, Delta etc. The Geostationary Communication Satellite-9 became the first Indian spacecraft to carry an Electric Propulsion System (EPS), which was successfully tested with Friday's launch, paving the way for development of future satellites that will be considerably lighter. Interplanetary spacecraft and probes. SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLES • In spaceflight, a launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket used to carry a payload from Earth's surface into outer space. SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLES: Satellites are launched into its orbit by the satellite launch vehicles. Typical applications of our propulsion system include: Orbital satellites and spacecraft. These satellite launch vehicles are basically multistage rockets. These vehicles get destroyed in space and it also carries more than one satellite with it. Ascent roll control and stabilisation of light to heavy launch vehicles . As a first step, the team examined the launch vehicle concepts being considered for NASA's advanced space transportation requirements. The growth of space propulsion systems market in the United States is majorly driven by the on-going space exploration missions carried out by NASA and the increasing satellite … 126.96.36.199. Launch vehicle, a rocket-powered vehicle used to transport a spacecraft beyond Earth’s atmosphere, either into orbit around Earth or to some other destination in outer space. It is the first Indian launch vehicle to be equipped with liquid stages. For the sake of this assessment, small spacecraft are defined to be spacecraft with a mass less than 180 kg. India has two operational launchers: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). • A launch system includes the launch vehicle, the launch pad, and other infrastructure. “The EPS can significantly reduce the fuel satellites need to carry. Launchers or Launch Vehicles are used to carry spacecraft to space. Air-Breathing Launch Propulsion Systems Technology invest-ment description Trl major Challenges Path to Trl6 1.2.6 Fundamental Liquid Propulsion Technologies – Technologies enabling advances in liquid rocket engine launch propulsion including advanced engine Among this new crop of startups is Bellatrix Aerospace, which is building new-age satellite propulsion systems and launch vehicles. and experience in the areas of launch vehicle design, air-breathing and rocket-based combine cycle (RBCC) propulsion systems, and systems engineering. After its first successful launch in October 1994, PSLV emerged as the reliable and versatile workhorse launch vehicle of India with 39 consecutively successful missions by June 2017. Practical launch vehicles have been used to send crewed spacecraft, uncrewed space probes, and satellites into space since the 1950s. Automated resupply missions to the International Space Station. Control of re-entry vehicles.