Orbital Shapes – Created from alignment of opposite-spin protons during rotation causing a change in the orbital force . Two points in the proton’s spin rotation have an intersection where the axial force aligns for opposite spin protons . The shape of 2s orbital: For 2s orbital, it will be Ψ 2/ 2, 0, 0 α R 2/ 2, 0 When n = 2 and l = 0 , i.e 2s orbital which contains one node. The shape of the cloud, or orbital, depended on the amount of energy, angular momentum and magnetic moment of the individual electron. Introduction to Quantum Numbers . Shapes of Atomic Orbitals. The other is the "shape" of the orbital and is the angular distribution. Explore other atomic orbitals s-orbitals | 2p-orbitals | 3p-orbitals | 3d-orbitals | 4f-orbitals The p orbital is a dumbbell shape because the electron is pushed out twice during the rotation to the 3p subshell when an opposite-spin proton aligns gluons with two same-spin protons. Erik Cheng has given an excellent answer. An s orbital is spherically symmetric around the nucleus of the atom, like a hollow ball made of rather fluffy material with the nucleus at its centre. For any of the s orbital, around the nucleus, these contours are spherically symmetrical. The simplest shape is the spherical, s orbital, although there can be various orbitals of this shape in an atom due to quantum leaps of the electron.

S Orbital. In two dimensions, we draw it as a circle.

The only thing worth adding is thinking about visualising the s orbital as the first mode of a standing wave in three dimensions.

As the energy levels increase, the electrons are located further from the nucleus, so the orbitals get bigger.

These are s, p, d and f. The shapes of these orbitals are discussed below: s-orbitals.

There are various shapes of atomic orbitals. An s orbital is spherical. Shape. In the equal probability contours, the contours can be drawn by joining the points of identical probability.

The distribution of the electron away from the nucleus. Shape of s Orbital. The size of the s orbital is also found to increase with the increase in the value of the principal quantum number (n), thus, 4s > 3s> 2s > 1s. The s-orbitals are solid spherical shape around the nucleus. [3] From a vantage point above the north pole of either the Sun or Earth, Earth would appear … The radial distribution is mostly dependent on the principle quantum number n. …
When principal quantum number n = 1 and azimuthal quantum number l = 0, that is 1s orbital which is closest to the nucleus. The properties of an atom's electron configuration are described by four quantum numbers: n, ℓ, m, and s. First Quantum Number . There are two key features for an orbital.

Development leading to Bohr's model of atom. Earth's orbital speed averages 29.78 km/s (107,208 km/h; 66,616 mph), which is fast enough to cover the planet's diameter in 7 minutes and the distance to the Moon in 4 hours. The other is the "shape" of the orbital and is the angular distribution.

The Shape of s Orbitals The Shape of p Orbitals The radial distribution is mostly dependent on the principle quantum number n. … Its shape is always a sphere, as shown on the right. In an atom, there are a large number of orbitals.

This is known as the radial distribution. The lowest energy orbital, with L=0, is called an s-orbital. This is known as the radial distribution. There are two key features for an orbital. S orbitals are spherical in shape and increase in size as the energy level or shell increases. The simplest expression of this is a sort of "dumbbell" shape. An orbital which is of small size states that there is more chance of finding the electron near the nucleus.