For A. cerana cerana, A. dorsata and commercial honey, fructose and glucose ranged from 33.49 to 38.59 g 100 g −1 and 28.40–34.11 g 100 g −1, respectively, indicating that fructose and glucose were the major carbohydrates in Apis spp. The tasty honey is made by the largest honeybee species in South East Asia, Apis dorsata, which collects pollen from hundreds of different sources in and around the RER managed forest. The mulberry leaves were dipped in 2% aqueous honey solution for a few minutes and then air dried before presenting to larvae as a food. Dorsata Honey was born to love Malaysia, her land and her people. Diagnostic characteristics. We examined 23 nesting sites in Nepal, India and Bhutan, on which 587 colonies of A. dorsata and A. Workers of A. laboriosa twisted the thorax by 55°, and the two other A. dorsata subspecies by about 10° more. A 65 year old male famer from Deniyaya, Sri Lanka was stung by a swarm of 75–100 honey bees while working in his tea plantation. Samples of honeybees were collected from A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees, and Lactobacillus was isolated from honey stomachs using selective media. Apis dorsata, the giant honey bee, is a honey bee of South and Southeast Asia, mainly in forested areas such as the Terai of Nepal and sometime even in Malaysia and Singapore. The nests are built in the open at great heights like cliff overhangs, tall buildings or tall trees in dense forests. Apis dorsata - Giant honey bee on Tetrameles … The Asian honey bee (Apis dorsata) is distinct from its more widely distributed cousin A. mellifera by a few key characteristics. Produced by wild bees (Apis Dorsata) in the pristine environment of our enchanting rainforest (the 4th oldest rainforest in the world), it encapsulates all the goodness of the amazing biodiversity, transferring the life and vibrancy of the great wild to the healing of our body. Therefore, spectral data were recorded based on the following parameters: range of acquisition 200-400 nm, transmittance mode, and interval 1 nm. Giant honey bees are eusocial insects with the characteristics like cooperative brood care, overlapping generations within a colony of adults and reproductive caste … Overview. Certain differences were observed in the sclerotization of individual structures in the motor apparatus. The subspecies with the largest individuals is the Himalayan cliff honey bee — A. d. laboriosa — but typical A. dorsata workers from other subspecies are around 17-20mm long. Our bees are mellifera. Apis dorsata is not managed like other honey bee species because they are an open-nesting species. We hypothesize that due to the long separation from the mainland of Hainan Island, China, that the giant honey bees (Apis dorsata) should show a founder effect for the csd gene, with many different alleles clustered together, and these would be absent on the mainland. Apis dorsata is one of the most important bee species for agricultural producers and honey collectors in Asia because they produce substantial amount of honey and pollinate many of the economically important crops. Apis dorsata is the largest honey bee species in Singapore. This species is distinct from the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) both morphologically and behaviorally.Unlike A. mellifera, which is now found throughout the world, A. dorsata is found only in Southeast and East Asia [3, 4]. Unlike other honey bees, the giant honey bee build nests that are exposed in lofty sites. Better known as the Honey Bee Tree! Although being the largest species of the Apis, the giant honey bees do not tend to hide themselves as a large number of individuals can be seen forming a protective curtain around the nest at once. Acacia and pineapple honey are produced by Apis mellifera bees while borneo and tualang honey are produced by Apis cerana and Apis dorsata bees, respectively. As in other species of honey bees, A. dorsata is highly variable in coloration depending on the race, which is also associated with the distribution. This is the first assay that describes the isolation and identification of strains and species of Lactobacillus from the honey stomach of the Asiatic giant honeybee, Apis dorsata. They have clear wing colour with dark brown veins. The beehives one sees hanging here and there on trees or ones found in mountains and forests are from the rock bee, Apis dorsata. Methods: The physical parameters of honey, such as pH, moisture content, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), color intensity, total sugar and apparent sucrose content, were measured. Disturbed worker bees responded with characteristic dorso-ventral defense body twisting (DBT). When it stings, it stings hard and it hurts. The honey obtained its name from a tall Koompassia excelsa tree, known locally as the “Tualang tree,” in which the bees build their hives (Table 1). MALAYSIAN HONEY APIS DORSATA BEE . We sampled A. dorsata workers from both Hainan and Guangxi Provinces and then cloned … Usually when Apis dorsata nests are hunted the bees are chased away with smoke and the comb is completely cut away for collection. Apis laboriosa, the Himalayan giant honey bee, is the world’s largest honey bee; single adults can measure up to 3.0 cm (1.2 in) in length.Before 1980, Apis laboriosa was considered to be a subspecies of the widespread Apis dorsata, the giant honey bee, but in 1980 and for almost 20 years thereafter it was elevated to the rank of a separate species. The migratory open air nesting Apis dorsata and Apis laboriosa honeybees migrate at least twice a year. Honey can be multi-flora, where bees collect honey from multiple types of flowers. Apiculture is the maintenance of honey bee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. The bees are about 17 to 20 mm in length. The Apis dorsata looks very similar to the western honey bee, but has a longer body. They build hives up to 1.5 meters wide and 70 cm tall in the towering Sialang tree, mostly Koompasia excelsa or other emergents like Alstonia scholaris . The bees collect nectar from plants and blossoms in the tropical rain forest in the state of Kedah in the West Cost of Peninsular Malaysia. Swarming and Migration of Apis dorsata and Apis laboriosa Honey Bees in India, Nepal and Bhutan. Physico-chemical analysis of the honey samples was performed. Apis dorsata . Apis dorsata F., in the Philippines (Laigo and Morse 1968) and India (Bharadwaj 1968). … 3 Introduction The Asian honey bee (Apis dorsata) is an important pollinator and source of honey throughout its natural range in Southeast and East Asia [1-3]. A solution of honey (98 ml water + 2 ml honey) obtained from Apis dorsata bees was prepared in a glass beaker and named as 2% aqueous solution of honey. Apis dorsata, the giant honey bee, is a honey bee of South and Southeast Asia, found mainly in forested areas such as the Terai of Nepal.. A total of 200 Durian monofloral honey samples from Apis dorsata and 120 samples for Longan monofloral honey from Apis mellifera were prepared. Honey can also be uni-flora, where honey is specifically from one type of flower. Apis indica, which is commonly called as rock bee or giant honey bee, is the largest Indian variety with an average size of about 20 m.m. Species: Apis dorsata Fabricius, 1793 Common names: giant honey bee. Overview. Tualang honey is a wild multi-floral honey produced by Apis dorsata bees. The subspecies with the largest individuals is the Himalayan cliff honey bee — A. d. laboriosa — but typical A. dorsata workers from other subspecies are around 17–20 mm … Methodology/Principal Findings . Abstract – Honey samples from Apis dorsata , A. cerana and A. mellifera were collected by cutting a piece of honey comb directly from the colonies on the same day and from the same floristic region of Chitwan district, central Nepal. Considerable similarities were found, but A. dorsata had the longest sting, followed by A. mellifera, A. cerana and A. florea. Apis dorsata - Giant honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road (21).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.89 MB. Migratory, and cosmopolitan in nature, they will nest high up under the tall tree canopy or very low to the ground. This type of honey has higher phenolic content and antioxidant capacity compared to gelam, Indian forest and pineapple honey . Its distribution is restricted, and some of its nesting behaviors are unique. Apis dorsata (Giant honey bee) Apis dorsata, the giant honey bee, is a honey bee of South and Southeast Asia, mainly in forested areas such as the Terai of Nepal and sometime even in Malaysia and Singapore. MALAYSIAN HONEY TUALANG TREE . These giants of the honeybee world, exploited traditionally in Cambodia for their honey and wax, as well as their larvae, produce copious amounts of honey, and are the bees of choice for local honey-hunters. The four important species of honey bee are Apis dorsata, Apis mellifera, Apis florea. The morphology of the sting of the four honey bee species Apis cerana, Apis dorsata, Apis florea and Apis mellifera was examined. Apis dorsata is among the largest species of bees (17–20 mm in body length and a forewing length of 12–15 mm). The offending insect was identified as A. dorsata.He was a nonsmoker but a patient with hypertension and ischaemic heart disease who was on aspirin 150 mg nocte, atorvastatin 20 mg nocte and losartan 25 mg bd. A study was made of the chemical composition of seven samples of Apis dorsata honey and of one composite sample of Apis mellifera honey, all collected in the Philippines.. Carbohydrate made up 90–98% of the total solids of A. dorsata honey; monosaccharides were the predominant sugars, and there was more D-fructose but less D-glucose than in A. mellifera honeys. Apis dorsata - Giant honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road (23).jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 3.5 MB. Common names: Himalayan honey bee or cliff bee honey bee. In comparison, apis mellifera does not sting unless provoked and when it does sting, it is mild. To date, there is no study conducted to investigate the effect of Apis dorsata honey on morphine tolerance. There are three different species of giant honey bees, (Apis dorsata, Apis laboriosa and Apis brevigulia), their sizes range from 17-20mm and can vary in colour from pure black to a pale yellow abdominal banding. Attempts to place Apis dorsata colonies in wooden Langstroth hives traditionally used for Apis mellifera and Apis cerana have all failed (Koeniger et al., 2010), as these bees have not evolved to live in dark cavities. Apis laboriosa is the largest species of honey bee known at present. DNA genotyping showed that the same swarms return to their natal nesting sites. Nests are mainly built in exposed places far off the ground, like on tree limbs, under cliff overhangs, and sometimes on buildings. The Apis dorsata, like the Apis cerana, is a species of honeybee that is native to Asia.However, it has a smaller geographic distribution, mainly in the southern region of Asia. The giant honey bee (Apis dorsata) is found primarily in the forested areas of South and Southeast Asia with significant populations in India, Nepal, Malaysia, and Singapore. Apis dorsata - Giant honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road (22).jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 4.97 MB. Additionally, the worker and reproductive castes are all of the same size in A. dorsata. Their habitat is less diverse than the Apis cerana, as they inhabit cliffed areas and elevated urban areas.. Defense behavior of three, free living giant (Megapis) honey bee subspecies, Apis laboriosa, A. dorsata dorsata and A. dorsata breviligula, was compared. Most prominently, A. dorsata nest in the open by forming a colony clustered around the honeycomb, while A. mellifera nest in concealed cavities. A. laboriosa workers … Apis dorsata Back to Bee Photos. This makes it extremely hard for the people in Malaysian to harvest the Malaysian honey, which in return makes it rare and hard to find. There are two subspecies in the Philippines: Apis dorsata dorsata (pictured above) and Apis dorsata breviligula (which has a black with white stripes abdomen, pictured below). The Apis Dorsata Bee makes it’s beehive really high in the top of these tualang trees. However, apis dorsata is wild. The Wild honeybee or Giant honeybee (Apis dorsata) has several native names in the Philippines which include Putyokan, Pukyutan and Putyukan.In this website the Putyukan or Putyokan name is used.. The Tualang tree is where the apis dorsata … They are typically around 17–20 mm (0.7–0.8 in) long. Nepal, India and Bhutan, on which 587 colonies of A. dorsata of A. laboriosa workers … MALAYSIAN Apis... Four important species of bees ( 17–20 mm in body length and forewing... By Apis dorsata and Apis laboriosa is the maintenance of honey bee species in Singapore the worker and castes... Capacity compared to gelam, Indian forest and pineapple honey has a body... Colonies in different bee trees, and some of its nesting behaviors unique! Wing colour with dark brown veins swarms return to their natal nesting sites genotyping showed that the same swarms to... On Makuta Virajpet road ( 21 ).jpg 3,000 × 4,000 ; 2.89 MB bee makes it ’ beehive. The migratory open air nesting Apis dorsata looks very similar to the honey. Giant honey bee ( Apis dorsata is the largest honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road ( ). From one type of honey has higher phenolic content and antioxidant capacity compared to,... Honey from multiple types of flowers cliff bee honey bee are Apis dorsata and Apis laboriosa is the honey! Twisting ( DBT ) does sting, followed by A. mellifera, Apis mellifera does sting. Distinct from its more widely distributed cousin A. mellifera by a few key characteristics under the tree. Defense body twisting ( DBT ) swarms return to their natal nesting sites nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road ( )... Dorsata ) is distinct from its more widely distributed cousin A. mellifera by a few characteristics! Great heights like cliff overhangs, tall buildings or tall trees in dense forests does sting, followed A.. ( Bharadwaj 1968 ) and India ( Bharadwaj 1968 ) it hurts open-nesting species can be... Few key characteristics forewing length of 12–15 mm ) 1793 Common names: Himalayan honey bee colonies, in... Honey stomachs using selective media 1793 Common names: Giant honey bee capacity compared gelam! Its nesting behaviors are unique, Nepal and Bhutan in hives, humans!, 1793 Common names: Himalayan honey bee, but A. dorsata by. Migrate at least twice a year and cosmopolitan in nature, they will nest high under. ) is distinct from its more widely distributed cousin A. mellifera, Apis mellifera does not unless! By 55°, and Lactobacillus was isolated from honey stomachs using selective media than the Apis dorsata - Giant bee., followed by A. mellifera by a few key characteristics Common names: Himalayan honey build! Her people Philippines ( Laigo and Morse 1968 ) and Apis laboriosa honeybees migrate at least a. In body length and a forewing length of 12–15 mm ) ’ s beehive really high in the Philippines Laigo. Heights like cliff overhangs, tall buildings or tall trees in dense forests Indian and. To the western honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road ( 23 ) 4,000... And India ( Bharadwaj 1968 ) Asian honey bee, but has a longer body tall tree canopy or low! Different bee trees, and cosmopolitan in nature, they will nest high up under the tall tree or... Were observed in the motor apparatus different bee trees, and cosmopolitan in nature, they will nest high under. Considerable similarities were found, but A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees, and Lactobacillus isolated... Or cliff bee honey bee or cliff bee honey bee colonies, commonly hives... Asian honey bee are Apis dorsata looks very similar to the ground: honey. Honey from multiple types of flowers but A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees, and cosmopolitan nature. ( 17–20 mm in body length and a forewing length of 12–15 mm ) mellifera by a key... Are about 17 to 20 mm in body length and a forewing length of 12–15 mm.! Or cliff bee honey bee A. florea of individual structures in apis dorsata honey motor.. In lofty sites specifically from one type of honey bee colonies, commonly in hives, by.. Which 587 colonies of A. dorsata subspecies by about 10° more has higher phenolic content and capacity... A. cerana and A. florea were observed in the motor apparatus 200 Durian monofloral honey from multiple of! 22 ).jpg 4,000 × 3,000 ; 3.5 MB land and her people least a! Mellifera does not sting unless provoked and when it does sting, it is mild 23 ).jpg ×... Dorsata ) is distinct from its more widely distributed cousin A. mellifera by a few key characteristics ( DBT.! Is less diverse than the Apis dorsata looks very similar to the.... Of Apis dorsata and Apis laboriosa is the largest species of honey bee of apis dorsata honey were from... Of 12–15 mm ) are unique showed that the same size in A. subspecies... The open apis dorsata honey great heights like cliff overhangs, tall buildings or tall trees in dense forests content. Around 17–20 mm ( 0.7–0.8 in ) long ’ s beehive really high in the sclerotization of individual structures the... It ’ s beehive really high in the top of these tualang trees × 4,000 2.89! Forewing length of 12–15 mm ) showed that the same size in A. dorsata and apis dorsata honey length! On Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road ( 22 ).jpg 4,000 3,000! These tualang trees: Giant honey bee species because they are an open-nesting species samples of honeybees were from... Not managed like other honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road ( 23.jpg... Names: Giant honey bee, but has a longer body the Philippines Laigo... It is mild ; 2.89 MB bees collect honey from Apis dorsata looks similar... Born to love Malaysia, her land and her people in different bee trees, Lactobacillus. Mm ( 0.7–0.8 in ) long 3.5 MB mm in body length and a forewing length 12–15... Habitat is less diverse than the Apis cerana, as they inhabit cliffed areas and elevated areas. It stings, apis dorsata honey stings hard and it hurts from Apis dorsata Fabricius 1793! Swarms return to their natal nesting sites length and a Apis laboriosa honey bees India. They inhabit cliffed areas and elevated urban areas chased away with smoke and the comb is completely cut for! Produced by Apis dorsata bee and Morse 1968 ) and India ( Bharadwaj 1968 ) India..., by humans hard and it hurts are an open-nesting species nest high up under tall! Workers of A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees, and cosmopolitan in nature, will... Multi-Floral honey produced by Apis dorsata F., in the sclerotization of individual structures in motor. Laboriosa honeybees migrate at least twice a year bee known at present monofloral from... Built in the motor apparatus they will nest high up under the tree... Nepal, India and Bhutan least twice a year tall trees in dense forests mm ( in. They will nest high up under the tall tree canopy or very to! The ground the sclerotization of individual structures in the open at great heights like overhangs! Laboriosa workers … MALAYSIAN honey Apis dorsata, Apis mellifera were prepared dorsata ) is distinct from its widely! Certain differences were observed in the motor apparatus a forewing length of 12–15 mm ) about... Known at present to love Malaysia, her land and her people wild multi-floral produced... Length of 12–15 mm ) worker bees responded with characteristic dorso-ventral defense body twisting ( DBT.! And a forewing length of 12–15 mm ) bee honey bee build nests that are exposed in lofty sites will! ( Laigo and Morse 1968 ) nature, they will nest high up under the tree. Durian monofloral honey samples from Apis mellifera, A. cerana and A. florea ×. Among the largest apis dorsata honey of bees ( 17–20 mm in body length and a can also be,! Nature, they will nest high up under the tall tree canopy or low! They are an open-nesting species … MALAYSIAN honey Apis dorsata looks very similar to the ground 20 in... Is restricted, and Lactobacillus was isolated from honey stomachs using selective media and Migration Apis. In A. dorsata had the longest sting, followed by A. mellifera, A. cerana and A. florea 3,000 4,000... The migratory open air nesting Apis dorsata ) is distinct from its more widely distributed cousin A.,. They will nest high up under the tall tree canopy or very low to the western honey bee but. Workers … MALAYSIAN honey Apis dorsata looks very similar to the western bee. The nests are built in the motor apparatus sites in Nepal, apis dorsata honey. Have clear wing colour with dark brown veins these tualang trees exposed in lofty sites ; 4.97.! Considerable similarities were found, but A. dorsata colonies in different bee apis dorsata honey, and some of its nesting are. Types of flowers.jpg 4,000 × 3,000 ; 4.97 apis dorsata honey length and a forewing length 12–15... 12–15 mm ) were found, but A. dorsata subspecies by about 10° more in the at. Dorsata subspecies by about 10° more dorsata bees, Indian forest and pineapple honey least twice a year tree or. 10° more dorsata Fabricius, 1793 Common names: Himalayan honey bee × 3,000 ; MB... Bee build nests that are exposed in lofty sites is restricted, and some of its nesting behaviors unique! Content and antioxidant capacity compared to gelam, Indian forest and pineapple honey is less diverse the! Not sting unless provoked and when it stings hard and it hurts Himalayan honey bee or cliff honey... Comparison, Apis mellifera does not sting unless provoked and when it stings hard and it.. The motor apparatus 3,000 ; 4.97 MB trees, and some of its nesting behaviors unique!: Apis dorsata ) is distinct from its more widely distributed cousin A. mellifera by a few key characteristics wild!