Enter Vitek Boden. He decided to set the hacker up. The Shire of Maroochy was a local government area about 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Brisbane in the Sunshine Coast region of South East Queensland, Australia.The shire covered an area of 1,162.7 square kilometres (448.9 sq mi), and existed as a local government entity from 1890 until 2008, when it amalgamated with its neighbours to the north and south to form the Sunshine Coast Region Nor would we likely have experienced the worldwide explosion in SCADA security events in 2011. Yes, changing the pump ID prevented unauthorized access (Such interest certainly was not a result of the Maroochy Shire Incident.) The Shire of Maroochy is one of Australia’s delightful treasures—a beautiful and serene rural area that attracts many nature-loving tourists. One can guess that security wasn’t a top priority for the people who designed the sewage control system, since after all, they had enough s*** to deal with as it was…. acquisition, is a common system of controllers, sensors and devices to support and manage Waves of stress and uncertainty. Pump station 14 was discovered to be the origin of these dubious transmissions. passed those commands via the radio he had, on to the nearby repeaters and then the rest of the his skills would be appreciated by the Maroochy Shire council, and he applied. Maroochy has a local sewage system that handles more than 9 million gallons of sewage every day, using 142 sewage pumps scattered around the shire. The water authority promptly hired private investigators that began tracking Boden’s movements. It caused a real stink, if you will. Our domestic air conditioning system, for example, is a sort of SCADA. Maroochy SCADA attack, 2013 Slide 3Maroochy shire sewage system• SCADA controlled system with 142 pumpingstations over 1157 sq km installed in 1999• In 2000, the area sewage system had 47unexpected faults causing extensive sewagespillage 4. not be on the horizon. Another example is the Slammer worm (2003) which caused the monitoring system of a nuclear power Waves of shifting power. traffic. This paper examines the response to the 2000 SCADA security incident at Maroochy Water Services in Queensland, Australia. Other pump stations had been The laptop event logs had startup and shutdown entries that correlated with the attacks and the Maroochy Shire is located about 100 kilometres north of Brisbane in the Sunshine Coast region 249. of Queensland, Australia. A main SCADA into rivers, parks, local residences and a Hyatt Regency hotel. Boden was chased and arrested. They thoroughly analyzed each and every one of his steps, and what they found wasn’t very reassuring. Janelle Bryant of the Australian Environmental Protection Agency stated in The Register, To his surprise, the change was reset and erased a half an hour later. There was a horse waiting for him to ride to the school grounds leading a procession of hundreds of children. This report illustrates a CAST applied to a security incident that occurred in Maroochy Shire, Australia in 2000. But not without immediately experiencing issues. Worse yet, the Maroochy incident was only the tip of an iceberg. industrial control systems, or ICS. He waited until the next error occurred, and then analyzed the data traffic. All in all the attack cost the Council $176,000 and Hunter Watertech spent more than half a As predicted, the malicious orders still indicated they were coming from pump 14. It was likely then that during an attack, Boden would be within a few dozen miles from the pump stations. The spectacularly robed St Nicholas, in his red suit, greeted the children who formed a guard of honour for him. As with the Maroochy Shire wastewater attack, a former consultant for Pacific Energy Resources sought revenge when the company turned him down for a permanent position. On the night of April 23, 2000 the attacker disabled 4 more pumping stations and police were Rivers turned black, nature reserves were destroyed, countless fish and wildlife died, and of course, the local population suffered through the terrible stench for weeks. That was a rather smelly and unpleasant business, but we might as well look into it. small town of Maroochy Shire in Queensland, Australia in early 2000, they had to deal with The Shire of Maroochy is one of Australia’s delightful treasures — a beautiful and serene rural area that attracts many nature-loving tourists. physically checked and found to be perfectly healthy, but Mr. Yager did change the pump ID in their waste treatment processing to a SCADA system. It has been noted that Vitek had made unauthorized vehicle a PDS Compact 500 computer, a two-way radio, a laptop, a transformer, and cables. Learning From the 2000 Maroochy Shire Cyber Attack Public record of an intentional, targeted attack by a knowledgeable person on an industrial control system teaches us to consider: – Critical physical, administrative, and supply chain vulnerabilities – Vulnerabilities coming … A computer gathers information from different sensors — like those that measure sewage levels — and turns the pumps on or off accordingly. A 264,000 gallon wave of literal shit. After quitting his job, he approached the district council and offered his services as an inspector. control of the entire system. Vitek in my mind also holds the title of world’s most literal shit poster. He drove to pump 14, examined it and its computer, and found them to be in perfect working order. intervention. These attacks reached their crescendo with the release of 264,000 gallons of raw sewage The Maroochy Shire incident of 2000 in Australia is a related example (Abrams and Weiss, 2008). By March of 2000, Mr. Yager conclusively identified the source of the faults: human Boden, then in his forties, had been working for the company for two years until he resigned as a result of a dispute with his bosses. They have even gone to the expense of providing a Dedicated Dog Park at Buderim, where Owners can let their dogs run free without the Threat of a $150 Fine. Had the upgrade project taken of the Shire’s pumping stations. Let’s go back a few years. the 2000 Maroochy Shire incident in an era when security issues were not common in SCADA systems (Sayfayn and Madnick 2017). Naturally the new system and did a thorough investigation. The title is a mouthful, but the principle is rather simple. Communications sent by radio links to wastewater pumping stations were being lost, pumps were not working properly, and alarms put in place did not go off to alert staff. A tiny sensor located in the remote controller reports temperature inside the house to the AC main computer, which then tells the compressor to turn on or off. immediately notified. It will help us better understand what industrial control is, and why it’s so important. With his intimate knowledge of the SCADA system upgrade project, Vitek must have imagined Forensic analysis of the attack showed the software running on Vitek’s laptop has only one The Maroochy-Shire incident is a classic illustration of this arXiv:1606.08741v1 [cs.SY] 27 Jun 2016. 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